Responses of Epibranchial Placodes to Disruptions of the FGF and BMP Signaling Pathways in Embryonic Mice

Responses of Epibranchial Placodes to Disruptions of the FGF and BMP Signaling Pathways in Embryonic Mice

Placodes are ectodermal thickenings of the embryonic vertebrate head. Their descendants contribute to sensory organ improvement, but additionally give rise to sensory neurons of the cranial nerves. In mammals, the signaling pathways which regulate the morphogenesis and neurogenesis of epibranchial placodes, localized dorsocaudally to the pharyngeal clefts, are poorly understood. Subsequently, we carried out mouse…

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NOX1/NADPH oxidase is involved in the LPS-induced exacerbation of collagen-induced arthritis

NOX1/NADPH oxidase is involved in the LPS-induced exacerbation of collagen-induced arthritis

We examine as but an unidentified position of NOX1, a non-phagocytic isoform of the superoxide-generating NADPH oxidase, in immune responses utilizing Nox1-knockout mice (Nox1-KO). The transcripts of NOX1 was expressed in lymphoid tissues, together with the spleen, thymus, bone marrow, and inguinal lymphoid nodes. When antibody manufacturing after ovalbumin (OVA) immunization was examined, no important variations had been noticed in serum…

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